Keep up to date with this info, which our vets write every month. It contains information on animal health issues that are currently affecting livestock and pets in our area.
|During the summer months, snakes become much more active. There have already been many|
instances this year of dogs and cats being bitten while exploring outdoors. Dogs are inquisitive
animals, and will usually try to chase or kill snakes. Cats enjoy hunting and are attracted to anything that moves which also makes them susceptible to snake bites.
In NSW, there are approximately 12 species of snakes within the elapid family which are classified as dangerously venomous to humans and animals. Of these, the Inland Taipan is the most lethal, followed by the Eastern Brown Snake, Tiger Snake, Mulga Snake and Red-bellied Black Snake. What are the signs of snake bite?
Signs of snake bite include:
- Sudden weakness followed by collapse
- Neurological signs such as twitching of the muscles, shaking or drooling
- Dilated pupils
- Dark brown urine
- Loss of bladder and bowel control
Fang marks may not be visible, as the puncture wounds are usually extremely small.
Unfortunately, no single set of clinical signs can be used to diagnose snake envenomation, as overlapping signs of differing snake species make it unreliable. What does treatment involve?
If you think your pet has been bitten by a snake bring them to the clinic immediately. The chances of recovery are greater if your pet is treated early. Pets left untreated have a lower survival rate and unfortunately, many die.Once at the clinic, a blood test can be performed that can help to identify whether your animal has been bitten. Treatment involves hospitalization, intravenous fluids and antivenin administration. Close observation and monitoring done in the hospital until the pet return to full recovery. He will be discharge with medications which need to be given at home and advice to follow.
Grass seeds can be a persistent problem for animals that come in contact with long grass in the summer months. Many dogs get seeds trapped in their ear canals, and they will show signs of head shaking, scratching at their ears, or tilting their head to one side. Grass seed abscesses can also form when an awn becomes lodged in the skin. This commonly occurs between the toes in dogs, although many other areas, including the flank, mouth and chest can be affected.
Treatment involves sedation or anaesthetic, drainage of an abscess if present, and removal of the grass seed. If left untreated, grass seeds can migrate through the body. There have been cases reported of a grass seed migrating into the spinal cord or brain in extreme cases.
|High reproductive efficiency is fundamental to profitability for all beef breeding enterprises. Pregnancy diagnosis in cattle is a useful tool that can be used to help plan management decisions, and improve productivity and profitability.
It can detect problems with herd fertility early in the breeding cycle; identify which animals need to be culled, and stage pregnancies. When should I preg test? Pregnancy testing is usually performed 8-10 weeks after mating finishes. At Wellington Veterinary Hospital, our veterinarians can identify pregnant cows as early as six weeks after conception using rectal palpation and ultrasound. In well-designed yards, up to 150 cows can be pregnancy-tested per hour.
How Are the Artists Trained to Paint? Do They Like to Do It?
Although elephants are very intelligent and naturally creative, painting on an easel with a paintbrush in their trunks is not an activity that any have been found to perform in the wild! Therefore all the aspiring elephant artists first have to go to school to learn how to paint.
|Elephant painting in Thailand began in 1998 when Richard Lair invited the conceptual art partnership of Vitaly Komar and Alexander Melamid to teach selected elephants at the TECC to paint.
Elephants had done this before in over 20 zoos and circuses around the world, but this was the first time in Thailand and they were the first to bring this activity to prominent media attention.more...
Brucellosis is a bacterial disease caused by brucella; mainly spread by direct contact transmission through the brucella carriers, or indirect contact transmission by the environment containing large quantities of bacteria discharged by the infected individuals.
Infection spreads rapidly and causes many abortions in unvaccinated cattle. In a herd in which disease is endemic, an infected cow typically aborts only once after exposure; subsequent gestations and lactations appear normal. After exposure, cattle become bacteremic for a short period and develop agglutinins and other antibodies; some cattle resist infection, and a small percentage of infected cows spontaneously recover. A positive serum agglutination test usually precedes an abortion or a normal parturition but may be delayed in ~15% of cows. The incubation period may be variable and is inversely related to stage of gestation at time of exposure. Organisms are shed in milk and uterine discharges, and the cow may become temporarily infertile. Bacteria may be found in the uterus during pregnancy, uterine involution, and infrequently, for a prolonged time in the nongravid uterus. Shedding from the vagina largely disappears with the cessation of fluids after parturition. (extracted from mark manual ) More ….
Small animal worms, Hendra vaccination update, ovine brucellosis
Dental disease in small animals, parasite control in sheep